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What is Tummy Time?

What is Tummy Time?

It is the time when baby lies on stomach while they are awake.

What are the benefits of tummy time?

Lying on his front helps your baby to strengthen his back and shoulders, as well as giving him a chance to move his arms and legs in a different way. This will develop his gross motor skills, which will help him to roll over. As he gets older, he will start trying to push up from the tummy position and straighten his arms. This is the precursor to crawling, and it will strengthen the muscles he needs to get moving.

Tummy time will also strengthen your baby’s neck, which will give him greater head control. This means that your baby will be able to look up and around him. Being able to see things around him will develop your baby’s coordination and his ability to follow things with his eyes.

It may also help prevent early motor delays and conditions such as flat head syndrome (positional plagiocephaly) and twisted neck (positional torticollis).

When can I start giving my baby tummy time?

Your baby can start having a small amount of tummy time soon after his birth

How much Tummy Time does my baby need?

Start by giving your baby just a couple of minutes of tummy time. Do this two or three times a day, and gradually build up the amount of time your baby lies on his front.

Always supervise your baby’s tummy time, and never put your baby onto his tummy while he is asleep. Sleeping on his tummy may increase your baby’s risk of sudden infant death syndrome (cot death).

What are different Tummy Time positions to try with my baby?
There are 5 simple positions to do Tummy Time with your baby:

  • Tummy to Tummy or Tummy to Chest
    Lie down on the floor or a bed, flat or propped up on pillows. Place baby on your chest or tummy, so that you’re face-to-face. Always hold firmly for safety.
  • Tummy Down Carry or Football Hold
    Position one hand under the tummy and between the legs and carry baby tummy down. Nestle  baby close to your body to help get baby accustomed to the position.
  • Lap Soothe
    Place baby face-down across your lap to burp or soothe them. A hand on baby’s bottom will help steady and calm them.
  • Eye Level Smile
    Bend down so you are level with baby. Offer additional support byrolling up a blanket under baby’s chest and shoulders.
  • Tummy Minute
    Place baby on their tummy after routine activities such as diapering or bathing. Baby will begin to get used totummy time as part of their daily routine.

 

WHAT TO EXPECT FROM YOUR BABY AT THE AGE OF 2 YEARS

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MOVEMENT

  • Walks alone (12-16 mos.)
  • Pulls toys behind him while walking (13-16 mos.)
  • Carries large toy or several toys while walking (12-15 mos.)
  • Begins to run stiffly (16-18 mos.)
  • Walks into ball (18-24 mos.)
  • Climbs onto and down from furniture unsupported (16-24 mos.)
  • Walks up and down stairs holding on to support (18-24 mos.)

HAND AND FINGER SKILLS

  • Scribbles spontaneously (14-16 mos.)
  • Turns over container to pour out contents (12-18 mos.)
  • Builds tower of four blocks or more (20-24 mos.)

LANGUAGE

  • Points to object or picture when it’s named for them (18-24 mos.)
  • Recognizes names of familiar people, objects, and body parts (18-24 mos.)
  • Says several single words (15-18 mos.)
  • Uses two-word sentences (18-24 mos.)
  • Follows simple, one-step instructions (14-18 mos.)
  • Repeats words overheard in conversations (16-18 mos.)

COGNITIVE

  • Finds objects even when hidden under 2 or 3 covers
  • Begins to sort shapes and colors (20-24 mos.)
  • Begins make-believe play (20-24 mos.)

SOCIAL

  • Imitates behavior of others, especially adults and older children (18-24 mos.)
  • Increasingly enthusiastic about company or other children (20-24 mos.)
  • Demonstrates increasing independence (18-24 mos.)
  • Begins to show defiant behavior (18-24 mos.)
  • Episodes of separation anxiety increase toward midyear, then fade

HOW YOUR CHILD GROWS AT THE AGE OF 8-12 MONTHS

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MOVEMENT

  • Gets to sitting position without assistance (8-10 mos.)
  • Crawls forward on belly
  • Assumes hand and knee position
  • Creeps on hands and knees
  • Gets from sitting to crawling or prone (lying on stomach) position (10-12 mos.)
  • Pulls self up to standing position
  • Walks holding on to furniture
  • Stands momentarily without support
  • May walk two or three steps without support

HAND AND FINGER SKILLS

  • Uses pincer grasp (grasp using thumb and index finger) (7-10 mos.)
  • Bangs two one-inch cubes together
  • Puts objects into container (10-12 mos.)
  • Takes objects out of container (10-12 mos.)
  • Pokes with index finger
  • Tries to imitate scribbling

COGNITIVE

  • Explores objects in many different ways (shaking, banging, throwing, dropping) (8-10 mos.)
  • Finds hidden objects easily (10-12 mos.)
  • Looks at correct picture when image is named
  • Imitates gestures (9-12 mos.)

LANGUAGE MILESTONES

  • Responds to simple verbal requests
  • Responds to “no”
  • Makes simple gestures such as shaking head for no
  • Babbles with inflection (8-10 mos.)
  • Babbles “dada” and “mama” (8-10 mos.)
  • Says “dada” and “mama” for specific person (11-12 mos.)
  • Uses exclamations such as “oh-oh”

SOCIAL/EMOTIONAL

  • Shy or anxious with strangers (8-12 mos.)
  • Cries when mother or father leaves (8-12 mos.)
  • Enjoys imitating people in his play (10-12 mos.)
  • Shows specific preferences for certain people and toys (8-12 mos.)
  • Prefers mother and/or regular care provider over all others (8-12 mos.)
  • Repeats sounds or gestures for attention (10-12 mos.)
  • Finger-feeds himself (8-12 mos.)
  • Extends arm or leg to help when being dressed

CHILD DEVELOPMENT AT THE AGE OF 4-7 MONTHS

happy mother kissing baby boy

MOVEMENT
 Pushes up on extended arms (5 mos.)
 Pulls to sitting with no head lag (5 mos.)
 Sits with support of his hands (5-6 mos.)
 Sits unsupported for short periods (6-8 mos.)
 Supports whole weight on legs (6-7 mos.)
 Grasps feet (6 mos.)
 Transfers objects from hand to hand (6-7 mos.)
 Uses raking grasp (not pincer) (6 mos.)

VISUAL
 Looks for toy beyond tracking range (5-6 mos.)
 Tracks moving objects with ease (4-7 mos.)
 Grasps objects dangling in front of him (5-6 mos.)
 Looks for fallen toys (5-7 mos.)

LANGUAGE
 Distinguishes emotions by tone of voice (4-7 mos.)
 Responds to sound by making sounds (4-6 mos.)
 Uses voice to express joy and displeasure (4-6 mos.)
 Syllable repetition begins (5-7 mos.)

COGNITIVE
 Finds partially hidden objects (6-7 mos.)
 Explores with hands and mouth (4-7 mos.)
 Struggles to get objects that are out of reach (5-7 mos.)

SOCIAL EMOTIONAL
 Enjoys social play (4-7 mos.)
 Interested in mirror images (5-7 mos.)
 Responds to other people’s expression of emotion (4-7 mos.)

WHAT IS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONE AND WHAT ARE THE DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF A CHILD FROM 1-3 MONTH

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Developmental milestones are the stages of development of a child which determines functional skills that most children can do at a certain age. Skills such as crawling, sitting, walking, writing, learning, speaking, playing with friends etc.

Check the milestones a child reached by the end of 3 months.

MOVEMENT
 Raises head and cheek when lying on stomach (3 mos.)
 Supports upper body with arms when lying on stomach (3 mos.)
 Stretches legs out when lying on stomach or back (2-3 mos.)
 Opens and shuts hands (2-3 mos.)
 Pushes down on his legs when his feet are placed on firm surface (3 mos.)

VISUAL
 Watches face intently (2-3 mos.)
 Follows moving objects (2 mos.)
 Recognizes familiar objects and people at a distance (3 mos.)
 Starts using hands and eyes in coordination (3 mos.)

HEARING AND SPEECH
 Smiles at the sound of voice (2-3 mos.)
 Cooing noises; vocal play (begins at 3 mos.)
 Attends to sound (1-3 mos.)
 Startles to loud noise (1-3 mos.)

SOCIAL/EMOTIONAL
 Begins to develop a social smile (1-3 mos.)
 Enjoys playing with other people and may cry when playing stops (2-3 mos.)
 Becomes more communicative and expressive with face and body (2-3 mos.)
 Imitates some movements and facial expressions